Goddess Bixia Yuanjun - A History & Ways to Honor Her - China - Chinese, Mongol, and Taiwanese Pantheon

If I were a mountain/weather Goddess apart of the Chinese, Mongol, and Taiwanese Pantheon, I would want to be Bixia Yuanjun (pronounced BEE-cha you-on-JEEN)
Beautiful Asian Goddess
Bixia Yuanjun means 'The Primordial Sovereign of the Colored Clouds of Dawn.' Taishan Niangniang or 'The Lady of Mount Tai' is another moniker as she is the Goddess of Mount Tai, the dawn, childbirth and fate in traditional Chinese religion.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties especially, Bixia Yuanjun's influence as a major deity was spread widely by Tai'an City, Shandong Province. As a result, her impact on the culture of Northern China was astronomical. She evolved into the figure Goddess for Northern China, the equivalency of the bodhisattva (a person on the path to Buddhahood) Guanyin or to Avalokitesvara.
Shizhao, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

The reason Bixia Yuanjun became so popular was because of what she represented to the women of China: untamed femininity. Depending on who spoke of her, she was sometimes even perceived as dangerous.

Nonetheless, this did not stop her many followers from honoring and praying to her. In fact, the festivals numbered at 47 in her honor, the biggest being on her birthday. During this festival honoring her birth, devotees would drum and chant for an entire month.

Other reasons people flocked to Bixia Yuanjua was because it was said she was entrusted with deciding and setting human life spans, as well as judging the deceased after their passing. However, another huge draw to honoring her was her capability of facilitating the birth of male children.

LEGENDS OF BIXIA

Because Bixia is a mixed presentation of numerous historical figures, there are quite a few legends associated with her. For instance, she was said to be the daughter or partner of Taiyue Dadi, Mount Tai's Grand Emperor and main god and judge of the Underworld. These accounts go back to the 7th century.

Others from the late Ming Dynasty believe she was the daughter of a simpleton. This comes from popular sectarian scriptures, or baojuan (precious volumes). It is said that she accomplished immortality through praying to an ancient Daoist Goddess Xiwangmu (Queen of the West) and practiced self-control and mastery.

WAYS TO HONOR BIXIA YUANJUN

 If any of the above information about Bixia Yuanjun rings true with you, here are some ways in which you can honor her.

  1. If the wind outside is in your favor, you can take a kite and name it after a burden. As the winds allow the kite to take flight, feel yourself being liberated from your troubles and thank Bixia Yuanjun
  2. Connect to Bixia Yuanjun through the art of Aeromancy (cloud divination). Ask your question(s) and gaze up at the clouds, taking note of the shapes you see. Interpret them in relation to your queries as the clouds are Bixia Yuanjun's messengers.
  3. A very simple way to honor this Goddess is to get off of the ground. By taking one step on a set of stairs or climbing one rung of a ladder elevates you off of the ground. Climb as high as you like, breathe in her fresh air and discover a feeling of revitalized wellness.

THEMES

  • AIR
  • BIRTH
  • FREEDOM
  • LUCK
  • MOVEMENT
  • PROTECTION

SYMBOLS

  • CHRYSANTHEMUMS
  • CLOUDS
  • KITES
  • WIND

ALTAR OFFERINGS

  • CHRYSANTHEMUM CAKES
  • CHRYSANTHEMUM HYDROSOL
  • CHRSANTHEMUM PETALS
  • CHRYSANTHEMUM WINE

Bright Blessings readers!

 -Pie Quirk, Resident Witch of Candle Cross Coven

 SOURCES

Monaghan, PhD, Patricia Encyclopedia of Goddesses & Heroines

Jestice, Phyllis G. Holy People of the World: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia, Volume 1, “Bixi Yuanjun (Pi-hsia yuan-chün)“.

Sabrina. Goddess A Day, “Bixia Yuanjin“.

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